Elliott Abrams, Senior Fellow for Middle Eastern Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations in Washington, D.C., served as Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Adviser in the administration of George W . Bush, where he supervised U.S. policy in the Middle East for the White House. He also served as an Assistant Secretary of State in the Reagan administration. A member of the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom and of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Council, he teaches U.S. foreign policy at Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service. He is the author of Undue Process: A Story of How Political Differences and Turned into Crimes (1993), Security and Sacrifice: Isolation, Intervention, and American Foreign Policy (1995), and Faith or Fear: How Jews Can Survive in a Christian America (1997), and writes widely on U.S. foreign policy with special focus on the Middle East and the issues of democracy and human rights. His most recent book is Tested by Zion: The Bush Administration and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, published by Cambridge University Press in 2013.