Henry A. Kissinger is a political scientist, author and consultant. On September 22, 1973, he was sworn in as the 56th Secretary of State, a position he held until January 20, 1977. Dr. Kissinger also served as Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs from January 20, 1969, until November 3, 1975.
Among the awards Dr. Kissinger has received have been the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973; the Presidential Medal of Freedom (the nation’s highest civilian award) in 1977; and the Medal of Liberty (given one time to ten foreign-born American leaders) in 1986. Dr. Kissinger’s many books include Diplomacy, Crisis: The Anatomy of Two Major Foreign Policy Crises, Does America Need a Foreign Policy?: Toward a Diplomacy for the 21st Century, and most recently, On China.